July 10, 2010

Verbal Ability - Question of the Day

QUESTION:-
The question below contains a paragraph followed by alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

The great hope of transplant surgeons is that they will, one day, be able to order replacement body parts on demand. At the moment, a patient may wait months, sometimes years, for an organ from a suitable donor. During that time his condition may worsen. He may even die. The ability to make organs as they are needed would not only relieve suffering but also save lives. And that possibility may be closer with the arrival of the first commercial 3D bio-printer for manufacturing human tissue and organs.

OPTIONS:-

1) The first commercial 3D bio-printer for manufacturing human tissue and organs may enable transplant surgeons to order replacement body parts on demand. This will help relieve suffering and save lives.
2) The first 3D bio-printer for manufacturing human tissue and organs may fulfil the great hope of transplant surgeons as well as relieve suffering and save lives.
3) The 3D bio-printer makes it possible to manufacture tissues and organs as required by transplant surgeons. This in turn can relieve suffering and save lives.
4) The possibility of a 3D bio-printer that can manufacture human tissue and organs quickly as required by surgeons has come closer to being a reality. This can relieve suffering and save lives.
5) Transplant surgeons can now order replacement body parts as they are needed from 3D bio-printer. This will help relieve suffering and save lives.



Solution:-
The following are the key elements in the paragraph: surgeons (transplant) hope they could order body parts (replacement as they are needed – this will help relieve suffering and save lives)– the first commercial (3D) bio-printer may make this a reality. These key elements are best captured in option 1.
Option 2 does not mention what the hope is, therefore it is incomprehensible.
Options 3, 4 and 5, however close fail to mention the commercial bio-printer because it is this that fulfills the hope of the transplant surgeons.
Option 5 is also a distortion as it states that ‘transplant surgeons can now order’; this is not true.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.


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