July 12, 2010

Verbal Ability-Question of the Day

Question:-
 The question below contains a paragraph followed by alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the paragraph.

The ambivalence at the Centre with regard to the creation of a new state of Telangana is interesting. This is because severe intrastate disparities usually lead to the demand for new states — as it happened in the case of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. The question to ask is whether these newer states would become better off after splitting from their parent states. While one group is of the view that small states cannot ensure that everyone will be uniformly better off, some other evidence suggests that smaller states are 'governed' better.

OPTIONS

1) The centre is ambivalent about the creation of Telangana, as new states arising out of severe intrastate disparities are sometimes managed well and sometimes not.
2) The centre’s indecision about Telangana arises from the view that smaller states do not ensure universal well being though there is evidence to the contrary.
3) The centre’s ambivalence about Telangana is interesting because evidence suggests that smaller states created earlier have not done better all the time.
4) The centre’s ambivalence about Telangana is interesting because smaller states created earlier owing to intrastate disparities have done better and worse at the same time.
5) The centre’s hesitation about Telangana is interesting because the question whether smaller states created owing to intrastate disparities are governed better or not cannot be resolved.


Solution
The key elements in the paragraph are as follows: The centre’s ambivalence with regards to Telangana – interesting - creation (demand for) of new states owing to intrastate disparities- Question to ask – are they managed better – two views.
Option 5 most honestly captures this.
Option 1 is deficient about the creation of new states.
Option 2 distorts the paragraph as it states that ‘smaller states do not ensure well being.’
Option 3 is also silent about the creation of new states.
Option 4 is vague and ambiguous in “have done better and worse at the same time”.
Option 5 may not be the ideal précis, but it is the best available.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

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